Some years ago, I was invited to a Tu B’Shvat Seder/Friday Night Seudah / Potluck dinner in the Old City of Jerusalem. Although my recollections of that evening are somewhat fuzzy, I do recall that the company was great, there were many excellent wines (hence the fuzziness) and an astonishing variety of mouth watering fruits.
Although the Tu B’Shvat Seder has recently gained popularity, especially among the Jewish vegetarian groups, it apparently was first conceived by the Arizal. The Chassidic Rebbes conduct a “Peiros Tish” or fruit meal on Tu B’Shvat, at which they distribute various fruits and nuts to their Chassidim.
This minhag is also cited by the Magen Avraham who writes: “The minhag of the Ashkenazim is to partake in fruits on this day.”
There is also a custom to eat the Esrog from Sukkos on Tu B’Shvat. This of course would require some advance pickling or preservation. The Bnai Yissocher writes that Tu B’Shvat is a fortuitous time to daven for a Beautiful Esrog the coming year.
Many try to find a Shecheyanu fruit for Tu B’Shvat. The origin of this custom is unknown, but some suggest that it may be based on a fascinating passage in the Jerusalem Talmud. At the very end of Kidushin, the Yerushalmi quotes
“Rebbi Chizkiya R’ Cohen in the name of Rav: One will have to answer to the Heavely Tribunal for every item he saw and did not partake of. Reb Elazer was very careful about this, and would save his pennies in order to have all the fruits that are available once a year”
The meforshim explain that he did so in order to have the opportunity to say Shecheyanu and thank Hashem for all that He created to make our lives more enjoyable.
From here we see that one should make a concerted effort to make Shecheyanu on new fruits, perhaps the custom became to do so on Tu B’shvat – the New Year for the trees.
Nowadays, when many fruits are available year round, the opportunities to say Shecheyanu become rarer. One can however make a Shecheyanu on any fruit that is seasonal in his usual supermarket, even if it could be procured in a specialty store elsewhere.
The Piskei Teshuvos writes that when one makes Shecheyanu on fruit it is a celebration of the renewal of Hashem’s creation, that Hashem has designed an astounding eco-system of sustenance which is all the more astounding in its seasonality.
Have a happy and inspiring Tu B’Shvat.
Very Nice. Thank You.
I once heard from the Djemigrhader Rebbe Zatzal, that Tou Bishvat is a time for a person to examine his own “peiros” and see if he’s able to make a Sheechiyanou on any of them.
Then comes the Litvak and rains on the parade…
The source of the Tu biShvat “seder” is Chemdas haYamim. The same source as saying LeDavid Hashem Ori in teshuvah season.
However, R’ Yonasan Eibeshitz discredited the book for its “obvious” (to someone who knows Qabbalah as he does, I suppose) Sabbatian influence.
More recently, 20th century academics (both observant and non) found reason to attribute to Nasan of Gaza, Shabbatai Zvi’s “Elijah” figure, or at least his school.
As I wouldn’t suggest giving up saying “LeDavid”, I’m not saying this is sufficient reason to question Tu biShvat customs. But it does make one wonder: If we knew as must as RYEibshitz did, which side of the line would we have put this “seder”? Are we following some practice designed to mimic a belief in Shabbetai Zvi’s return?
The Moroccan scholar Rabbi Yissachar Shussan records the custom of eating fruits in his work “Tikkun Yissachar” printed in 1564.
And hos did it grow from eating extra fruit (and perhaps aiming for a shehechiyanu) as is common minhag even in the rationalist bastions of Yekke and Lithuanian communities to having a “seder”?
I believe it’s that step in particular that is associated with the Chemdas haYamim.